The emerging fifth-generation wireless communications, or 5G, will be much more than quick-connect phone calls and fast movie downloads, especially for the military. Implications of Fifth Generation Mobile Technologies 5G, include increased data transfer speed, lower latency, and improved reliability over existing 4G technologies, as well as support for interconnected or autonomous devices such as smart homes, self-driving vehicles, precision agriculture and industrial machinery, and advanced robotics. 5G in defense might boost intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) systems and signal to process for the military, as well as enable new command-and-control applications and streamline logistics. 5G could also provide the military with widespread access to augmented and virtual reality, as well as 5G smart warehouses, distributed command and control, and dynamic spectrum utilization.
Military analysts predict that the 5G in defense system will be critical for the deployment of hypersonic weapons missiles, particularly those carrying nuclear warheads, which move at speeds faster than Mach 5. To guide them on different trajectories, changing course in a fraction of a second to evade interceptor missiles, massive amounts of data must be gathered, elaborated, and transmitted in a very short time. The same thing is required to activate defenses in the event of an attack with this type of weapon; however, because there is no time to make such judgments, the only option is to rely on 5G automatic systems. This new technology will also be crucial in the battle network. With the potential to simultaneously link millions of transceivers within a specific area, it will allow military personnel departments and individuals to broadcast maps, images, and other information about the ongoing operation to one another almost in real-time.
The high frequency, short wavelength ‘millimeter-wave’ spectrum that enables 1Gbps+ speeds via 5G has clear military applications. Because it is just short-range, it is ideal for enabling smart military bases and command posts. Consider millimeter wave-powered cameras and motion sensor-enabled technology installed around military bases to allow command posts and vehicles to interact in real-time. The military already employs unmanned aerial vehicles or drones. They do not, however, broadcast and share real-time 4K video and other data across command and control centers and battlefield units. 5G brings 4K video, object identification, faster data processing, and artificial intelligence, which will aid reconnaissance missions and provide army troops with knowledge of what they’re about to face. 5G in defense could also aid in more precise and intelligent weapon targeting. All of this means that the military may benefit from artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and improved reality. They can also respond to emergencies and control drones and vessels individually or in groups in real-time via the mobile network. AR and VR devices powered by 5G technology will be valuable for the military in simulation, training, and mission rehearsal. They can also help in target acquisition and tracking, as well as identifying friend and foe on the battlefield. In short, 5G technology will have a big impact on military applications. Its purpose extends beyond improving communication to increasing the lethality of both soldiers and weaponry.
In conjunction with EU-based 5G enterprises and researchers, the European Defense Fund (EDF) has established a new project called 5G COMPAD (5G Communications for Peacekeeping and Defense). It intends to offer European armed forces durable multi-dimensional communication systems that outperform existing networks in terms of functionality and life cycle cost. Vendors, technology businesses, SMEs, defense system integrators, research institutes, and mobile network operators from 11 EU member states and Norway are participating in the 5G COMPAD project. Saab, Ericsson, Rheinmetall, Bittium, Nokia, Thales, Leonardo, Inster, Eightbells, Intracom Defense, CAFA Tech, Telenor, SINTEF, FFI, LMT, AIT, Synkzone, BHE, and APR Technologies are among the project consortium members. The project is also funded by twelve nations and defense ministries.
AT&T Inc. T worked with Northrop Grumman Corporation NOC and Fujitsu to provide new 5G-powered open architecture capabilities to enable joint force operations. At the demonstration, radios were utilized in conjunction with AT&T’s private 5G network, Northrop Grumman’s tactical data links, and Fujitsu’s Open Radio Access Network (O-RAN) to send intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) data and video. The demonstration took place in Northrop Grumman’s new 5G lab. This is a critical stage in the development of the digital battle network for facilitating multi-domain operations. AT&T has demonstrated its trustworthiness in developing and providing cutting-edge and dependable 5G network services for military applications through its collaboration with Northrop Grumman, one of the top US defense contractors.
The University of Waterloo has announced the formation of a “5G and Beyond” mobile network technology partnership to produce secure 5G network slices and strengthen Canada’s security and defense. According to a press release, the group is financed by the Department of National Defense (DND) through its Innovation for Defense Excellence and Security (IDEaS) program. The CAD1.5 million ($1.12 million) multi-partner consortium is led by a team of computer scientists from the University of Waterloo. The three-year initiative brings together academic and business partners from the École de technologie supérieure in Montréal, the University of Regina, BlackBerry, NoviFlow, and Rockport Networks, as well as Rogers Communications Canada, to develop novel solutions for securing 5G mobile networks.
Military 5G future mobile networking capability will have a big impact on military wireless communications and will advance military technology significantly.
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