The term “signals intelligence” (SIGINT) refers to obtaining information through intercepting signals, whether they be human communications (COMINT, or “communications intelligence”) or electronic signals (ELINT, “electronic intelligence”) that are not directly utilized for communication. The management of intelligence collecting includes signals intelligence. Signals intelligence also uses cryptanalysis to decipher the transmissions because sensitive and confidential information is typically encrypted. The study of who is signaling whom and how much is known as traffic analysis, and it is utilized to combine data yet again for further analysis. Signals intelligence is hence one of the primary means of technology integration across the armed forces.
Intercepting radars and determining their locations and operational processes is a key application-based segment for ELINT. The adversaries can bypass the coverage of certain radars. Additionally, it is noted that electronic warfare units might jam radars or send them false signals if they are aware of their characteristics. Certain military troops also make use of hard-kill countermeasures which creates a conflict with the existing signal and hence diverts the signal to be received by the enemies. The growth in protection system-based technologies is hence one of the key factors that promote the adoption and market penetration of ELNIT.
ELINT systems help determine the type of incoming projectile, moreover in combination with other technologies like Electronic warfare, spoofing or jamming of the enemy’s defense network can take place effectively. The use of good electronic intelligence is necessary for stealth missions as stealth aircraft are not entirely undetectable. In combination with other technologies, an added sense of security to personnel that is deployed on missions.
Electronic emissions that contain human-encoded communications can be subjected to traffic analysis by combining ELINT with data from other sources. In contrast to SIGINT, the analysis process used for ELINT does not involve decoding any human-encoded messages found in electronic transmissions.
Major factors driving the growth of the market
The increased geo-political tensions and the growth in defense budget associated with emerging as well as growing economies are noted to be one of the key factors that promote growth within this market. The growth in military expenditure is another factor that is poised to stimulate growth within the market. The increased rate of insurgency and terrorist activities across the global market is another factor that is anticipated to promote growth within this market. The replacement of aging technology is also expected to be one of the primary drivers for the SIGNIT market.
Additionally, it is anticipated that during the projected period, the market would have tremendous development prospects due to the rising demand for cyber intelligence. The expensive cost of building a signals intelligence system, however, might restrain market expansion for the entire anticipated time frame.
Trends influencing the growth of the market
SIGINT’s initial market entry can be traced back to the First World War when British forces tried intercepting German radio communications to learn more about their strategies. As a result, encryption was used to mask the content of radio broadcasts, and cryptanalysis was thus made a crucial component of SIGINT.
The growing technology in the field of defense is one of the primary drivers for SIGNIT, i.e. the inclusion of technologies like LIDAR, RADAR, Electronic warfare, and Unmanned systems are poised to drive the technology-based innovation within this market. Unmanned systems are poised to be one of the fastest-growing technology-based segments. UAVs like Global Hawk and Reaper drones are presently a part of the US forces. These systems are used to gather information from external sources and the input is relayed to provide a comprehensive overview of the battlefield.
The increase in defense spending will promote the purchase of aircraft and associated systems to expand their production volumes and enhance their quality, increasing competition in the worldwide markets. The geopolitical climate in Europe and the Asia Pacific will also influence procurement decisions.
An exploratory effort was conducted by RAND to map the prevalence of SIGNIT across various domains. Four key non-governmental domains in which SIGNIT has been flourishing were identified to be maritime domain awareness; radio frequency (RF) spectrum mapping; eavesdropping, jamming, and hijacking of satellite systems; and cyber surveillance. The intelligence held by SIGNIT within the open market and its overall capabilities were mapped during this research. Additionally, as suggested earlier growth in the inclusion of various kinds of warfare tactics is poised to boost the innovation within the SIGNIT segment.