C4SIR consists of a vast range of systems and the abbreviation of C4ISR is Command, computer, communication, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance. Few of the systems include land-based radars or binoculars for observation along with others like Communication satellites. various Nations invests in military and defense areas due to the increase in terrorist activities. C4ISR is mainly about increasing situational awareness and giving information to the decision makers with the equipment and materials as early as possible. The system through various sensors, communication systems and computers processes the information, which then collects the intelligence across sea, land, air and space and this information is processed, analyzed, and delivered to those who are responsible for it. Adopted strongly by various government institutes C4ISR is expected to grow in the coming years.
A few of the primary drivers driving the C4ISR market are the deployment of reliable, small and advanced C4ISR systems used in a variety of applications which in turn increased the demand around the world. As there is an improvement in ISR technologies and manufacturing procedures, the cost of the systems becomes low. Law enforcement agencies and armed forces improved surveillance and defensive capabilities are driving the C4ISR market.
Major factors driving the growth of the market
A growing need for increasing interoperability between the devices which are used for security. The rise of warfare and an increase in demand for advanced technologies like network-centric battle management will increase the demand for the C4ISR market. The use of GIS, situational detection by satellite-based integration and the need for wireless communication in the military are responsible for the increase in the growth of C4ISR. The demand for advanced cybersecurity in the C4ISR system, rising terrorist activities and the funding from the government for R&D will further enhance the growth of the C4ISR market in the coming years.
Trends influencing the growth of the C4ISR Market
New generation developed control systems and sensors are receiving widespread acceptance in the C4ISR industry. In electro-optical, military operations, data integration from air defense radars, infrared systems and acoustic increases surveillance amount. Network Centric warfare that is a Joint force operation will require sharing of data and resources for a unified command structure. The on-field operations are boosted by interoperability. The above factors influence the growth of C4ISR in the forecast period. Geospatial tools which are satellite-based are integrated into C4 systems for the identification of vehicles, classifying terrain, roads, and invisible targets. Using GIS tools information about the vicinity of a particular habitat is found by digital terrain modelling, tracking and gathering of information. Small satellites are attracting more importance because of technological advancement and fast revisit times. Military leaders need battlefield imagery that is requested and received by the commanders on the ground and they use it for real-time decision-making. This in turn will increase the growth of the C4ISR market in the forthcoming years. On the battlefield military commanders are made to take quick and instant decisions using cloud and wireless network technologies. To remain connected from different geographical areas requires the robust deployment of a resilient network structure which is adaptable. The gradual increase of R&D initiatives and the latest product development will boost the global C4ISR market. Cyber-attack systems became small, inexpensive and powerful enough for people to cause damage to the military capabilities. This, in turn, causes huge economic, military and political losses. Hence, there is a great need of integrating cutting-edge cybersecurity frameworks inside C4ISR. This will boost the C4ISR markets in the future.
Driver: There is an increase in the need for interoperability between two security devices.
Previously, they used various security devices and different control systems, which are not compatible with each other. These systems require more effort in managing these security devices. Thus, there arises a need for control systems to manage these devices. Newly invented control systems are integrated into a single system which increases situational awareness of the military forces.
Restraints: Threats from the cyberattacks
The main drawback of market participants in C4ISR is the lack of a secured network to transmit sensitive data, in the other end cyberattacks in the defense is increased in recent years. It is a national security issue. Cyberattacks come in many forms like malware, phishing and social engineering.
A $660 million contract to provide intelligence capabilities for a nation in Europe was given to Elbit Systems. It received a $660 million deal to supply intelligence technology for a nation in Europe. The contract’s four-year execution period will be followed by a ten-year maintenance period.
After winning a contract worth up to $908 million, General Dynamics Information Technology will support U.S. Air Forces in Europe’s network and data technology. General Dynamics’ Virginia-based company will modernise current infrastructure and cyber systems over a number of years, as well as conduct operations and maintenance. The Europe-Wide Information Technology and Enterprise Network contract, or EITN, also includes work on annual accreditations and obsolete communications equipment.