Defense Robots and Autonomous Vehicles are essentially a creation of sci-fi movies which are now gradually becoming a reality. The weapons developed as a result of this technology are poised to have the ability to perform advanced functions like targeting via the application of force with minimum to no human oversight. The proliferation of this technology is poised to reduce human involvement which will also reduce the propensity of human error during combat operations. The introduction of defense robots and autonomous vehicles also improves soldier morale. The deployment of these systems in high risk zones which can be difficult for a personnel would potentially reduce the risk associated with operations. Moreover, the deployment of defense robots and autonomous vehicles would ensure a robust and smooth propagation of the tasks anointed.
Major factors driving the growth of the market
The numbers of offensive weapons becoming autonomous are poised to increase over the coming forecast period. The application of technologies like AI as compared to human intelligence is expected to increase the efficiency associated with data gathering. The use of AI powered machines is expected to reduce human engagement but it will not entirely eradicate human interaction.
Increasing demand for autonomous systems in ISR roles will also contribute to the growth defense robots. Future military robotics growth will also be aided by evolution in the field of microelectronics and AI
Trends influencing the growth of the market
The applications of Artificial intelligence within the military segment, such as automated logistics by the integration of unmanned aerial vehicles and unmanned ground vehicles, underwater mines location through neural networks, big data analytics for better decision-making, object location, and bio inspired robots are anticipated to enhance the growth of AI in defense in the forthcoming years. The rise in investments in the integration and development of artificial intelligence and robotics and the high defense budget allocation towards Research & Development and acquisition of artificial intelligence-based equipment are also expected the growth of AI in defense in the future period. For example, out of 21,000 equipment contracts published by the PLA (People’s Liberation Army) in China, around 350 records were assigned to AI Systems and equipment. NATO announced to launch of a fund, which is worth USD 1 Billion as an initial investment to stay ahead of the competition in Artificial Intelligence. Pentagon announced to spend USD 874 million on Artificial Intelligence and machine learning technologies. These investments are expected to fuel the growth of artificial intelligence in the future years.
There is an increase in military expenditure; it is due to the conflicts between countries, which leads to a strengthening of their defense forces. Because of artificial intelligence, there are concerns over possible errors during complex combat situations. With various governments adopting Artificial Intelligence powered systems for automation and surveillance, Concerns are raised, stating that human control over robots is necessary to ensure humanitarian protection. There are also concerns among organizations like Human rights watch regarding whether the government is secretly developing “Automated Killer Robots” to top the Artificial Intelligence Arms Race. Because of these reasons, it is necessary for the governments to publicly declare their current capabilities and refrain from developing autonomous weapons and completely automated robots, as there is a chance of not meeting the standards of international humanitarian law. The possibility of errors is also high in Artificial Intelligence systems. As they make quick decisions, they may not be able to adapt to the inevitable complex situations of the war. The above concerns are restraining the growth of the artificial intelligence market in defense.
The U.S. Armed Services have awarded Teledyne FLIR Defense a $62.1 million contract for its Centaur multi-mission robots, the company said in a statement. 500 Centaur unmanned ground systems, including with spare parts, antennae, and payload mounting kits, were ordered from the business by the Army, Navy, and other command centres. According to the announcement, the original Man Transportable Robot System Increment II (MTRS Inc. II) contract’s total value will increase from approximately $190 million to approximately $250 million as a result of this contract award. Unexploded ordnance (UXO) and improvised explosive devices (IED) are disarmed by explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) teams using the Centaur robot, along with other risky operations.