Blast protection as the name suggests includes equipment which protects both people and establishments under the action of a blast. Without the incorporation of blast protection, it is noted that the shock waves could travel through the structure, which could be a building that ultimately results in massive devastation. The use of blast protection dampers reduces the impact of the shock waves thus preserving both life as well as architecture. It is a surface modification measure which is used to protect a surface from impact.
A blast protection system is secured through multiple panels of durable material which is generally found on the surface of the substrate. These measures are used to optimise cost, i.e. in the case of a blast the inclusion of a blast protection system would potentially reduce the cost of planning, constructing, assessing and designing new structures. The blast protection system is mainly used across industrial applications mainly within the oil and gas industry. The products dealt with in this case are highly flammable which could potentially result in an explosion. Creating explosion proof surfaces is one of the key factors that are poised to serve as a driver for this market. Panels consisting of metals, composite materials, and polymer materials are frequently employed as blast protection dampers that make surfaces explosion proof. To provide added security, these layers or panels can be mounted, assembled, or connected to the surface of the material. The overall process involves assessments of various loads that may cause material structure failure and fatigue.
Explosion protection can be divided into two key segments based on the kinds of interventions, i.e. Avoidance as well as Constructional explosion protection. Avoidance is the technique used to ensure that an explosion or deflagration does not occur. The technology makes use of aluminium and mesh structures such as eXess to suppress the heat and pressure required for an explosion to take place. The oxygen supply is replaced with padding gas such as nitrogen or carbon dioxide which in turn keeps the constitution of the flammable content below the explosive level. The principle of avoidance works on the principle of elimination of ignition sources. Construction explosion protection aims to prevent damage occurring as a result of an explosion thus rendering the surface explosion proof. It makes use of protective techniques in conjunction with reinforcement of any equipment or structures that may be subject to internal explosion pressure, flying debris, or externally violent impact to reduce the impact of the explosion.
Major factors driving the growth of the market
Growth in tactical maneuverability over mobility is another key driver for the composites market. The introduction of urban warfare has redefined battle tactics which instate the requirement for lighter and faster vehicles. Warfare in an urban setting requires the use of easily steerable combatants which promotes the use of composites in the development of APCs (Armored personnel carriers) and IFVs (infantry fighting vehicles).
Trends influencing the growth of the market
The lightweight properties associated with blast protection materials are also anticipated to boost the fuel economy associated with the respective military platform. As the weight of a vehicle reduces, the propulsion power required by the combatant also decreases. Therefore, the use of this technology optimizes the carbon emissions for military platforms. The sustainability associated with composite materials is expected to be one of the key drivers for their rapid market penetration. This is one of the factors that support the increased R&D investment within the material sciences industry.
On studying the overall market dynamics, it is noted that the proliferation of blast protection equipment is poised to increase owing to the growth in insurgency as well as terrorist activities. Rise in urbanization and civil engineering based activities is another factor which is anticipated to accelerate growth. This is predominantly due to the high propensity of an explosion at a construction site. In terms of industrial processes, especially the oil and gas sector, it is seen that the flammability of the products being dealt with is high. Therefore, the use of blast protection equipment across this sector is high. Moreover, products in powdered state are also seen to have a higher possibility to ignite. Thus industries that deal with products in a fine powdered form are also poised to adopt blast protection materials.
Rafael Advanced defense systems have forged a partnership with Spain-based General Dynamics European land systems and Germany-based Krauss Maffei Wegmann to support the market of the Trophy active protection system in Europe.
The Polish government has secured a deal with South Korea for the sale of self-propelled howitzers (SPHs), main battle tanks, and light combat aircraft in an effort to quicken its comprehensive military modernization project. The gigantic arms deal is expected to cost $14.5 billion, which is more than Poland’s whole $14.1 billion defence budget for the current year. It covers the purchase of 48 FA-50 Golden Eagle light aircraft, 672 K9 “Thunder” SPHs, and 180 K2 Black Panther tanks with Korean design. Many observers are taken aback by the scope and size of the pact, especially in light of Poland’s preference for purchasing U.S.-made weapons wherever possible. The South Korean military sector, however, has invested decades in enhancing its design, engineering, and technological prowess and is now a significant supplier on the international arms market. Its K9 SPH is currently the second-most sought-after mobile artillery piece on the export market, after only Germany’s PzH 2000.