Developing Low-Cost Smart Weapons Continues To Be A Challenge For The Defense Industry

The term “smart weapons” was coined in the early 1970s by the United States Air Force to distinguish “smart” laser and TV-guided munitions from “dumb” bombs. Precision-guided bombs with high accuracy, smart bullets with variable trajectory, and smart land mines that deactivate at a predetermined time are examples of smart weapons. Advanced technology allows the military to kill the enemy in more creative ways, with some methods designed to eliminate or reduce collateral damage.

Aerospace and defense market reported that smart guns, use technology to prevent unauthorized users from firing the weapon, such as radio frequency identification (RFID) or biometric recognition technology, such as fingerprint readers. RFID technology can activate a firearm when it comes into contact with it.

Defense market news specialists stated that the smart bomb falls to the target solely due to gravity, but its fins or wings have control surfaces that move in response to guidance commands, allowing adjustments to the angle of descent or direction of fall. Aerospace and defense market report professionals mentioned that smart bombs have remained one of the sought-after smart weapons of the 21st century. Smart Missiles are a type of smart weapons that consist of projectiles that use sensors to track, lock on, and intercept their targets. They are typically long-range, high-endurance missiles with a wide range of payloads. Defense market segmentation states that one the other types of smart weapons is the cruise missile. A cruise missile is a type of strategic guided missile that flies at a low altitude. Aerospace and defense market report specialists suggested that the cruise missile, which can carry either a nuclear or conventional warhead, was designed to have a very low radar cross-section and to hug the ground while traveling at a relatively slow speed to its target.

Defense market news suggests that the use of artificial intelligence and machine learning in guided smart weapons, which allows them to do some of the thinking for themselves, is one of the fastest-growing segments of military electronics. Many of these weapons are equipped with artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) technologies and are guided by light, sound, or electromagnetic (EM) waves to reach a specific target with high accuracy. Furthermore, smart weapons can be programmed to filter out unwanted signals in multi-signal environments and to locate a specific target on a battlefield with many potential targets. Aerospace and defense market report professionals inferred that the current smart weapons systems frequently employ AI and machine learning to improve performance under adverse conditions. As per defense market news, the intelligent weapon is designed to destroy moving targets in adverse weather conditions. It detects and classifies moving targets autonomously in darkness, bad weather, smoke, and even dust stirred up by helicopters over a battlefield.

Aerospace and defense market reports suggested that one of the key factors influencing the growth of the market for smart weapons is the development and acquisition of cutting-edge technology. Defense market news dictated that the military and space industries have played a significant role in the development of significantly smarter weaponry during the past few decades. The most notable advancements have been made in the design of cutting-edge guided bombs and missiles. At the moment, efforts are being made to create weaponry that may be used in space. This is still in the early stages of development.

US & Russia 

Defense market news indicates that to create a new defense class, the Pentagon tested twelve hypersonic weapons. The Navy’s Conventional Prompt Strike (CPS) and the Army’s Long Range Hypersonic Weapons were put to the test (LHRW). The glide bodies use scramjet engine technology and high speed to compress air force combustion to sustain hypersonic speeds, unlike its other air-breathing hypersonic weapons. Aerospace and defense market reporters stated that the newly established Chief Digital and Artificial Intelligence Office, which is charged with promoting the use of AI throughout the U.S. military, is the Pentagon’s top AI authority. The Russian Ministry of Defense announced that it established a department devoted to developing weapons that use artificial intelligence. The CDAO began operations in February and was fully operational by June as per aerospace and defense market report.


As per the team for Aerospace and Defense market reports, China has developed a boron fuelled supersonic anti-ship missiles. At a height of about 10,000 meters, the missile will be able to cruise at 2.5 times the speed of sound (32,800 feet). The Defense market trends stated that Chinese scientists asserted that they have developed an air- and water-operable ramjet engine powered by boron. The 5 meters (16.4 feet) missile will be able to travel 200 kilometers (124 miles) at 2.5 times the speed of sound while hovering at 10,000 meters (32,800 feet), it will descend and skim over the waves for up to 20 kilometers.


As part of evaluation trials by the Army, India has completed six flight tests of its Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air Missile (QRSAM) system from the Integrated Test Range in Chandipur off the coast of Odisha. A defense markets studied indicated that to gauge how well the weapon systems would perform in various scenarios, high-speed aerial targets that simulated diverse threats were used in the flight testing. India will also be conducting a test firing of indigenously developed Astra -1 &2 beyond visual range weapons and new generation anti-radiation missiles.

Aerospace and defense market reports performed a secondary research to realize that despite the evolution in technology, developing low-cost smart weapons continues to be a challenge for defense manufacturers. The rising cost of manufacturing is forcing manufactures to engage in joint development of next-generation weapons.

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