Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear defense (CBRN defense or CBRNE defense) refers to safety precautions used in circumstances when potential threats of the mentioned kind are to be endured. Some of the main sources of these threats are noted to be terrorism, chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear warfare.
CBRN passive protection, contamination avoidance, and weapons of mass destruction mitigation are noted to be the key components of CBRN defense. In terms of scope (i.e., a CBRN incident could result in a mass casualty crisis) and intent, it is different from a hazardous material occurrence. When responding to CBRN incidents, it is assumed that they are deliberate and malicious; compared to HAZMAT incidents, evidence preservation and offender capture are of higher significance.
Major factors driving the growth of the market
One of the main factors driving the CRBN defense remotely vertical is the rise in cross-border conflicts and the need to protect military personnel performing operations on the front lines.
Additionally, it is anticipated that the escalating insurgency and the warlike conditions in Russia and Ukraine will increase the procurement and hence the notable research-based investment within the CRBN segment. The rampant growth in the number of terror activities across the world as well as the casualties in urban warfare is noted to be some of the primary drivers for this market. The ever-growing threat of CRBN warfare is one of the main factors that is poised to drive the overall growth associated with this market.
One of the key trends that have been driving innovation within the global markets is the increased number of domestic defense programs. Countries have been trying to increase local sourcing of products and services to increase employment opportunities within the defense segment.
Trends influencing the growth of the market
The Indian market has been trying to increase its presence within the CRBN market segment. As suggested by CRBN, the growing state and non-state threats associated with CRBN warfare are noted to be one of the key factors that are anticipated to drive the market growth and investment within this segment. The DRDO has been moving towards the development of NBC technology for the past two decades to counter CRBN threats. Several other DRDO Labs belonging to other technology clusters have been participating in the NBC defense R&D under the leadership of the Life sciences technology cluster.
As for the NBC inventory, except for one item (the Chemical Agent Detector), all of the Army’s equipment is made by the DRDO. Based on US military specification MIL DTL 32102, the NBC Suit Mk V was created. It offers protection to shield individual soldiers from biological weapons, radioactive dust, and chemical vapor and droplets. The product has been introduced to the Army following successful trials. The DRDO stated that the Indian Army has ordered 50,000 uniforms from suppliers to increase protection against CRBN attacks.
The DRDO-developed Automatic Chemical Agent Detector & Alarm (ACADA) and Chemical agent Monitor (CAM) were noted to have been made according to the JSQR specifications. The on-site detection of countermeasures against chemical warfare agents is noted to be one of the primary uses of this technology. The third-party evaluation of this device was carried out in the Netherlands at the TNO facility.
The evolving CRBN threats across the global markets are noted to be one of the key factors that are anticipated to drive the procurement of these product segments. For instance, Russia’s CRBN threat to NATO nations is anticipated to serve as a challenge. Russia’s full-scale invasion of Ukraine portrayed the country’s abilities to produce both chemical as well as biological weapons. The Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), as well as its attribution and investigative processes, have been purposefully assaulted by two nations in specific, i.e. Russia and China.
Other hostile non-state actors such as terrorist organizations and emerging insurgencies within the nation seek to acquire and deliver WMD and CRBN materials. The delivery of these products is also highly tactical owing to their composition as well as lethality. The increased attempts at the procurement of these products suggest overall growth in the requirement of CRBN market-based products that offer protection against CRBN attacks.
In terms of recent developments, the war between Russia and Ukraine is seen to be one of the prominent trends within the market which is poised to impact global defense spending. Additionally, China’s expanding nuclear arsenal is also noted to be one of the key market threats, China’s lack of transparency and communication with the international arms control associations is noted to be a key market challenge. The country’s growing animosities and border tensions with India are poised to increase India’s investment in the CRBN market.