Water Management is an integral part of people’s day-to-day lives. With the increasing consumer demand for air travel and the growing concerns regarding passenger comfort, aircraft water management hereby becomes an important part of flight management facilities which are now integrated onboard. The aircraft potable water systems form an integral part of the aircraft water management facility. Potable water is supplied to an aircraft through a system of potable water tanks which are predominantly transported across airport ground services via tankers. Certain terminals are known to have a water cabinet that is connected directly to airport facilities. The water tanks are designed in such a way that they have a low profile, i.e. they can fit under the aircraft wing. The supply hose of the truck is connected to a check valve by making use of a coupling. Once the connection is deemed secure, the flow of the water is initiated. Water is pumped from the truck to the potable water tank which is located in the air fuselage.
The tank is fitted with a level sensor to alert the aircraft staff and airport facilities about the remaining water within a given aircraft. The water facility is connected via an array of pipes that are lined with heat trace wiring to prevent freezing of the lines in low-temperature conditions. Sinks, basins, and aircraft galleys are noted to be the regions in which potable water is supplied. However, it is noted that modern aircraft washroom facilities make use of a vacuum, which uses little to no water, thus conserving its usage. Any water used across the restrooms in aircraft is held in a sewage holding tank which is later processed.
The implementation of showers in long-haul flights as a luxury option is another notable trend within this market. However, these showers are noted to be timed to limit the flow as well as usage of water.
Major factors driving the growth of the market
The growing propensity for air travel among the population is noted to be one of the main factors that promote the growth associated with this market. Business travel amongst the population is noted to increase owing to the gradual recovery of the global market in light of the pandemic recovery stage. People are adjusting to the new normal and are getting back to their regular routines, thus boosting the number of air travel passengers. The increased number of low-cost carriers within the commercial aviation market is another factor that has been promoting the number of air travel passengers.
Domestic air travel is now affordable to the middle class as well, and seasonally the price of the tickets is comparable with the railways in India. However, the shorter length of travel and the added comfort make air travel a more convenient option thus boosting the number of passengers that opt for domestic air travel as opposed to options like railways within the Indian market.
Trends influencing the growth of the market
Growing sustainability trends are noted to be one of the main factors that boost the proliferation of efficient aircraft water management systems. The advent of green technology and the growing awareness about environmental degradation is poised to be one of the main factors that drive the growth associated with the aircraft wastewater management systems market. The increased focus on the comfort of air travel provided to the passengers is another factor that is expected to drive growth. Water is a basic amenity, thus adept provision of the same will ensure a relatively satisfied consumer.
In terms of wastewater management, it is noted that previously sewage water was dumped overseas and towards the countryside by aircraft. This was a short-term solution, the implementation of a sewage tank and groundwater processing technologies have now rectified this technical problem. The disposal of sewage waste after an airplane has landed is now required by the governments of several nations. As a result, the need for lightweight aircraft sewage systems has grown significantly during the past few years. However, it is recorded that during cases of valve malfunction or failure, the previous method is still used by certain aircraft operators. Hence both, water and waste systems hold equal weightage when it comes to the design of an aircraft.
To control sterilization during water circulation, without the side effect of neutralized bacteria, disinfection solutions for aircraft potable water systems are being heavily invested in. For instance, the Airbus A350’s high potable water quality water treatment module controls continuous sterilization during water circulation after filling. A potable water treatment module for the Airbus A350 has been developed that employs ultraviolet (UV) light to reduce the possibility of microbiological contamination of the system. The use of this technology is poised to reduce maintenance and water processing costs owing to the extended interval provided by its introduction.