Advanced military operations are carried out in a complex, multidimensional, highly competitive, and difficult environment, with unforeseen adversaries and foes. In today’s environment, defense personnel must work under significant time limitations and at a rapid speed. Defense forces have very little time to assess the situation objectively, decide viable courses of action, and make well-informed decisions. As a result, they must rely on all available sources to decide the most accurate and full picture of the issue in real time, as well as to understand the implications of their judgments.
Validated, trustworthy, and scalable technology is required in the advanced military and defense sector. Sensors are an important component of technology as they provide solutions for the complete defense ecosystem, including complicated controls, measurements, tracking, and deployment. Aircraft, helicopters, missiles, ground vehicles, ships, naval boats, satellites, and rockets are examples of military and defense systems. Throughout both normal and conflict operational actions, these systems operate in a demanding environment. For monitoring, intelligence, and fighting activities, various security systems rely on software and smart sensor technology.
Sensors are utilized in a variety of applications, including aircraft control, propulsion, environmental monitoring, weapons control mechanisms, triggers, and communications. Sensors can be found in a variety of applications, including surveillance systems, bomb detectors, chemical warfare, crime prevention systems, vulnerability scanning, and national institutions. Military Sensors can also be employed in current warfare frontline detecting gadgets. They’re mounted on the ground, in airborne bases, in space, and underwater to keep a watch on a specific target spot 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
Modern warriors arrive on the battlefield not only armed, but also equipped with an electronic command and control center based on the Internet of Things (IoT) system. Several radios, wearable gadgets such as smartwatches and glasses, biosensors, GPS equipment, and communications equipment are just a few of the items that give military soldiers with life-saving information and provide unprecedented visibility in their surroundings.
The next generation Augmented Reality (AR) Head Mounted Display (HMD) for dismounted operations has been developed by BANC3. The data and video is added to the soldier’s field of view, eliminating the need for a soldier to search down or elsewhere for situational awareness (SA) essential information. BANC3’s technology allows for full-screen, high-definition visibility screens to be used during the day. In addition, an Android Nett Warrior programme is able to see AR content via a secondary interface. This could carry everything from simple symbols to location maps, navigation data, remote video, and static graphics, among other data.
The Internet of Battlefield Things (IoBT) is a network of sensors, wearable technologies, and Internet of Things applications that use cloud and edge computing to create a comprehensive battle force. A robust edge infrastructure that combines biometrics, sensor data, and other connected devices to transmit and receive information quickly is a vital component of balanced IoMT, allowing military personnel to respond quickly to potentially deadly circumstances on the battlefield.
The Internet of Battlefield combines ubiquitous sensing, pervasive computing, and pervasive communication to give an unprecedented scale of knowledge via networked sensors and computer equipment. It will also produce a massive amount of data. The sensing and processing tools worn by defense personnel in their combat uniforms, helmets, weapon systems, and other gear are capable of obtaining a range of dynamic and static biometrics such as their face, iris, retinal space, fingerprints, heart rate, posture, motions, and facial expressions. These devices can also be used to collect information on the operational environment. These data can also be employed in a specific edge computing system to provide context-adaptive authentication in the field and continuous surveillance of a soldier’s psychophysical state.
The military provides excellent healthcare, but monitoring a soldier’s health while fighting on the front lines is extremely challenging. IoT sensors alert soldiers to any changes in their health, allowing them to take the appropriate countermeasures. Soldiers’ uniforms or wearables might be fitted with a range of sensors that would sound, monitor, and notify them about their changing medical status. Context-aware biometrics make a significant contribution to the correct understanding of the IoBT capability by increasing the available information exchanged between different types of devices with additional physical data such as heart rate, body temperature or thermal distribution, and behavioral data such as body dynamic patterns, and speech patterns. These user data are useful for inferring the physiological and emotional conditions of soldiers on the field. Furthermore, doctors may have become aware of the extent of the warfighters’ injuries through sensors before they were admitted to a hospital. A specific surgeon might be assigned based on the details, and the facilities may be planned ahead of time.
During training missions, advanced motion sensors and acoustic sensors are employed to monitor defense troops. Trainers no longer need to be on the ground, and defense troops no longer need to be trained by fighting in a real-world military combat. MILES (Multiple Integrated Laser Engagement System) is a training system that equips defense personnel with blank cartridges and laser scanners that are integrated into defense systems. The firearms emit coded messages through a simulated laser when a defense soldier discharges a blank round. When the laser beam hits the sensors on the defense personnel’s clothing and accessories, it registers as a hit, and a beeping sound indicates that the defense personnel has been shot.
Through gathering data from a wide variety of military platforms such as including aircraft, defense systems, land vehicles, and soldiers themselves the military will increase the efficiency of its intelligence, surveillance, and monitoring systems. This depth of information will enable the military services to accurately identify threats more quickly and more precisely.